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Banjir di Selangor. Salah siapa?

25 kematian direkodkan dari banjir di Selangor, manakala ribuan dilaporkan kehilangan tempat tinggal dan yang pastinya, proses untuk memulihkan semuanya agar kembali ke keadaan normal bukanlah murah dan mudah.  

Rata-rata mangsa banjir kali ini menyifatkan banjir kali ini adalah yang terburuk dan mereka amat tidak bersedia dan tidak berpuas hati dengan respon yang hangat diperkatakan dan disuarakan kebanyakan mangsa di laman sesawang dan hantaran laman sosial.

Namun persoalannya, wajarkah kita terlalu fokus kepada bersikap menuding jari atau memberikan fokus kepada meneliti punca-punca dan mencari kaedah penyelesaian jangka pendek dan jangka panjang?

Secara pokoknya, mencari pihak yang salah bukanlah jawapan terbaik untuk kita merungkai tahap ketersediaan kita menghadapi dan mengharungi bencana seperti ini. Sebaiknya, semua pihak perlulah berganding bahu dan duduk semeja bagi mengenalpasti punca-punca yang menyebabkan insiden seperti ini berlaku. Sebagai sebuah akademi yang menawarkan khidmat latihan persediaan dan bantuan kecemasan, kami merasakan terpanggil untuk berkongsi pendapat kami untuk dijadikan panduan dan ingatan kepada kita semua agar lebih bersedia di masa akan datang.

 

Punca-Punca Risiko Banjir (Luar Kawalan)

– Masalah bersangkutan dengan iklim tidak menentu
– Kedudukan geografi
– Faktor mukabumi
– Taburan hujan mendadak
– Pasang surut air laut

Punca-Punca Risiko Banjir (Dalam Kawalan)

– Keberkesanan sistem saliran dan alur limpah
– Sampah-sarap menghalang laluan air
– Perancangan penempatan yang silap
– Kurang kepekaan dan campur tangan ahli politik

 

 

Wajarkah kita mengulas risiko banjir di luar kawalan?

Perkara yang disifatkan berlaku di luar kawalan sememangnya tidak akan berjaya diselesaikan oleh sesiapapun. Umum sudah maklum bahawa bencana alam dan tragedi seperti ini kebiasaannya berlaku saban tahun tetapi sekiranya kita gagal membudayakan dan menggiat promosi agar semua orang lebih bersedia dan berwaspada, kehilangan nyawa dan kerosakan teruk harta benda mungkin dapat dikurangkan.

No seat for staff in developing a company Emergency Response Planning?

Emergency Response Planning (ERP) for a company usually established by a company in the sense of a requirement on the need of “waze” or “google map” that telling the direction on where to go when handling crisis or incident. Hence, the manual must be established holistically comprising the needs of the staffs, ERTs, Managements and other respective stakeholders if any.

Some company already had established their manual, it is good ! For the sake of the company wellbeing and incident handling during critical time, it is an excellent move! Unfortunately, certain cases were identified that the process of developing the ERP Manual for a company only involved by the top management. Is it wrong? Give a guess.

It is not wrong. But, without the representation from the other level of worker, it might be the ERP created does not thoroughly discussed regarding its achievable or effectiveness on all staffs. It might sound perfect from the seat of the top management, but not to the others. The presence of staff in setting up a manual is needed. No need to have all, but at least, few representatives that can be the voice when discussing the point. 

Some companies know the effect if they are not ready to handle a crisis. They need to get ready for all the possibilities. They even actively train their ERT to create a superb team! But they left one aspect that might contribute to the severity of the crisis, A STAFF!

Staff should have a seat in developing or even review the manual. Their perspectives should be taken into consideration as this action would able to allow a company in bridging the gap presence. Try to think, if the action to be taken drafted by the thinking cap of top management, while in the real situation is, the staff is unable to do so, is the manual considered effective or reliable? In fact, in most cases, staff is the first person that found an incident, and usually they have no idea on what to do except report to superior. That is the only that they capable of. Sad isn’t it? That is the truth! From now on, let us give a change in our perspectives. All layers of employees is valuable and their presence with the managerial level in discussing plans might contribute to higher chances of effectiveness and holistically touched on every aspect. Act now, we still have time to change for the better future.

Escape Plan

Fire can spread rapidly through your home, leaving you as little as one or two minutes to escape safely once the smoke alarm sounds. There are a few step to act when you faced fire.

Escape planning tips

  • Pull together everyone in your household and make a plan. Walk through your home and inspect all possible exits and escape routes.  Households with children should consider drawing a floor plan of your home, marking two ways out of each room, including windows and doors. Also, mark the location of each smoke alarm.
  • A closed door may slow the spread of smoke, heat and fire. Install smoke alarms in every sleeping room, outside each sleeping area and on every level of the home. 
  • When you walk through your plan, check to make sure the escape routes are clear and doors and windows can be opened easily.
  • Choose an outside meeting place for example like neighbour’s house, a light post, mailbox or a safe distance in front of your home where everyone can meet after they’ve escaped. Make sure to mark the location of the meeting place on your escape plan.
  • Have everyone memorize the emergency phone number of the fire department. That way any member of the household can call from a neighbour’s home or a cellular phone once safely outside.
  • If windows or doors in your home have security bars, make sure that the bars have emergency release devices inside so that they can be opened immediately in an emergency. Emergency release devices won’t compromise your security – but they will increase your chances of safely escaping a home fire.
  • Be fully prepared for a real fire: when a smoke alarm sounds, get out immediately. Residents of high-rise and apartment buildings may be safer “defending in place.”
  • Once you’re out, stay out! Under no circumstances should you ever go back into a burning building. If someone is missing, inform the fire department dispatcher when you call. Firefighters have the skills and equipment to perform rescues.

Put your plan to the test

  • Practice your home fire escape plan twice a year, making the drill as realistic as possible.
  • Make arrangements in your plan for anyone in your home who has a disability.
  • Allow children to master fire escape planning and practice before holding a fire drill at night when they are sleeping. The objective is to practice, not to frighten, so telling children there will be a drill before they go to bed can be as effective as a surprise drill.
  • It’s important to determine during the drill whether children and others can readily waken to the sound of the smoke alarm. If they fail to awaken, make sure that someone is assigned to wake them up as part of the drill and in a real emergency situation.
  • If your home has two floors, every family member must be able to escape from the second floor rooms. Escape ladders can be placed in or near windows to provide an additional escape route. Review the manufacturer’s instructions carefully so you’ll be able to use a safety ladder in an emergency. Practice setting up the ladder from a first floor window to make sure you can do it correctly and quickly. Children should only practice with a grown-up, and only from a first-story window. Store the ladder near the window, in an easily accessible location. You don’t want to have to search for it during a fire.
  • Always choose the escape route that is safest – the one with the least amount of smoke and heat – but be prepared to escape under toxic smoke if necessary. When you do your fire drill, everyone in the family should practice getting low and going under the smoke to your exit.
  • Closing doors on your way out slows the spread of fire, giving you more time to safely escape.
  • In some cases, smoke or fire may prevent you from exiting your home or apartment building. To prepare for an emergency like this, practice “sealing yourself in for safety” as part of your home fire escape plan. Close all doors between you and the fire. Use duct tape or towels to seal the door cracks and cover air vents to keep smoke from coming in. If possible, open your windows at the top and bottom so fresh air can get in. Call the fire department to report your exact location. Wave a flashlight or light-coloured cloth at the window to let the fire department know where you are located.

Fire Safety Song

“Music, at its essence, is what gives us memories. And the longer a song has existed in our lives, the more memories we have of it.” -Stevie Wonder- Let’s sing along together! Only 7 steps can keep us safe from FIRE!

Step 1: Don’t be scared
Step 2: Never hide
Step 3: Have a layout plan
Step 4: If it’s smoky, crawl on your knees
Step 5: Never stop
Step 6: Sit and wait
Step 7: PRACTICE!

Ianya di mana-mana sahaja!!

Pernahkah anda merasa NADI sendiri? Dapatkah anda benar-benar rasa denyutan nadi tersebut? Baik. Jom kita rasakan nadi masing-masing. Menggunakan 2 jari (jari telunjuk dan jari hantu), sentuh bahagian tengah tulang rahang di antara dagu dan cuping telinga. Rasa? Syabas sekiranya anda berjaya mencari nadi di situ. Persoalannya, wujudkah nadi di bahagian tersebut?

Masyarakat umum mengetahui bahawa nadi terletak pada pergelangan tangan dan leher. Namun amat sedikit daripada kita yang tahu bahawa nadi itu wujud di pelbagai tempat lain pada badan. Ada yang lebih kuat dan ada yang lebih halus denyutannya berbanding nadi di pergelangan tangan. Untuk memahami mengapa nadi boleh wujud di bahagian- bahagian lain badan, kita perlu tahu akan apa itu nadi.

Badan kita mempunyai jaringan salur darah yang tidak terkira banyaknya dan kesemua saluran darah ini bermula daripada jantung itu sendiri. Maka, apabila jantung berdegup, darah akan disalurkan ke dalam semua saluran darah (arteri) dan tekanan daripada pengaliran darah ini lah yang membuatkannya berdenyut dan dirasa sebagai NADI. Justeru, mana-mana saluran darah arteri yang hampir dengan kulit boleh dirasakan denyutan nadi padanya. Berikut merupakan bahagian- bahagian badan yang ada denyutan nadi beserta namanya.